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Bahrain Universities Model United Nations
Thursday, November 29, 2012
Location: Manama, 03, BH | College / University
Hosted by: General Organization for Youth & Sports Bahrain
Registration Deadline: October 12, 2012
School/Delegation Fee: $100
Delegate Fee: $25
Other Fees: N/A
About the Conference
The 8th Bahrain Universities Model United Nations Conference is a two days event. It is held from 29 till 30 November at the Crown Plaza Hotel. The topics discussed are from the current issues covered in the actual United Nations. 1) Topics discussed in the General Assembly: a. Combating human trafficking Human trafficking is an ongoing global issue that pertains to the recruitment, transportation and exploitation of men, women, and children from all countries. Almost every country has been touched by human trafficking because countries can serve as a place of origin, transition or destination for victims. The United Nations Global Initiative to fight human trafficking (UN-GIFT) has defined the meaning of human trafficking in its protocol on the prevention and protection of women and children. Various instruments and treaties dealing with human rights have been adopted since 1945 and have been deliberated upon in order to create the body of international human rights. General Assembly Resolution 55/25 was adopted in November 2000. Member States were allowed to sign the convention at the high level Political Conference in Italy. The convention contains three Protocols: The protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children; the protocol against the smuggling of migrants by land, sea, and air; and the protocol against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition. The members of the committee are requested to discuss the process of ratifying the UNODC – Anti human trafficking and migrant smuggling unit. What are the effective tools to combat human trafficking of persons? What are the goals of UNGIFT?
b.Fresh water management and economic development In October 2011, stakeholders and representatives from UN Water, UN Global Sustainability Panel, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and journalists from least developed countries met at the "Water in the Green Economy in Practice: Towards Rio+20"event to discuss the economic role of water in various regions around. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has noted that "an integrated land and water resource management policy would ultimately bring global environmental and socioeconomic benefits." The members of the committee are requested to discuss the socioeconomic and environmental issues. What are the challenges framework and the support unit?
2) Topics discussed in Ecosoc: a. Environmental migration and social vulnerability as a result of climate change During the past few days, significant research has continued to surface regarding the effects of an increase in the earth's overall temperature. Most of the hottest years on record have occurred during the past two decades. Moreover, the increase in the amount of natural disasters to strike within the past few decades has lead the United Nations' Ecosoc to further expand their discussion of the effects of climate change and the impact it has had on the migration of those affected. Debates have occurred during the United Nations Climate Change Conference, Durhan 2011, which was held in Durban, South Africa. In December 2011 the United Nations appealed to the global community for $7.7.billion in humanitarian aid In order to address, among other issues affected by emergencies caused or worsened by the impact of climate change insecurity over food and water. The members of the committee are requested to discuss the affect of the climate change and the conflicts that are beginning to occur. What are the measures that the government should undertake in the future?
b.The humanitarian and socioeconomic impact of Israeli settlements in Palestinian quality of life According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Israeli settlements are conceived as "residential, industrial, and farming colonies built on land occupied with direct support of the Israeli government. Together, East Jerusalem and the West Bank are home to approximately 500,000 Jewish settlers. The settlements, according to the United Nations have created multi-layered restrictions, referencing the different checkpoints, road gates, roadblocks, and a large network of road closures that cause severe difficulties for Palestinians. The West Bank is also affected by the construction of the Separation Barrier, which circles between the West Bank and Israel. As a result, Palestinians living under these restrictions may fall under a permit regime, where their right to freedom of movement will respond to a bureaucratic decision of the occupying force. The barrier is of particular interest when evaluating the humanitarian and socioeconomic impact of Israeli settlements. The members of the committee are requested to discuss the impact of the Israeli illegal settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem; its' effect on the Palestinian day to day work? What is the international community response to the construction of a Wall? i.e.... International Court of Justice, Organization of Islamic Conference
3) Topics discussed in International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): a. Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation On January 2012, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to S/RES/1540 published an update on the progress in implementing the resolution. Under Chapter VII of the UN Charter member states are obliged to prevent non-State actors from developing, acquiring, manufacturing, or transporting nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons. Through the binding obligations, all member states have developed domestic controls. The members of the committee are requested to discuss an ultimate solution to prevent the production of uranium stockpiles to building nuclear and bombs. i.e...North Korea, Islamic Republic of Iran
b. Iran nuclear enrichment program and its threat to its neighboring countries Since the adoption of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International community has faced attempted violators of these crucial international regulations. Even after the end of the Cold War and years of nuclear arms reduction, there remain countries that attempt to flout international standards by pursuing nuclear technology. Time and time again, deals for other countries or the international community to monitor Irans' nuclear facilities have fallen through, while the countries' extremist regime has generally failed to appeal to rationality. The IAEA claims that Iran has employed " the green salt project." Further, the IAEA confirmed that there is a link between the green salt project and a military project that manufacture missile warheads. The members of the committee are requested to discuss Iran's' intention with its neighboring countries? How to control Irans' nuclear enrichment program? How has it affected its neighboring countries?
4) Topics discussed in Security Council: a. Promoting law and order for regimes in transition such as Egypt, Tunisia, etc... Since late 2010, several Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) have undergone regime changes. The ability of each of these states to undergo an orderly and peaceful change has varied. Each state now has vastly different needs when considering a peaceful regime transition. Libya will most likely need assistance in forming national institutions from the ground. In contrast, Tunisia and Egypt , who seem to have formed such institutions with relative ease, may need support for these institutions in maintaining the power that they are granted by their respective constitutions. The members of the committee are requested to discuss whether the regime changes in some countries have bought peace or chaos. Could these regimes backlash on behalf of the citizens and cause another uprise? The UN estimates that more than 8,000 people, mostly civilians, have been killed and tens of thousands displaced since the uprising – part of the boarder Arab Spring movement across North Africa and Middle East.
b. Syrian response to the recommendations of the UN and Arab League to the end of crisis The world has been watching the situation in Syria. Until now, the Syrian Government has not kept its promise to abide its commitment under the six-point plan drawn up by the Joint Special Envoy of the United Nations and the League of Arab States. This is bringing much needed relief and hope to the Syrian people who have suffered so much for so long in this brutal conflict. The members of the committee are requested to discuss an action plan to replace the existing regime and to transfer it to a democratic party? What would be the proposed peaceful solution for Syria today? How can the International community intervene?
There are four committees: a) General Assembly b) Economic & Social Council c) International Atomic Energy Agency d) Security Council
Contact InformationDoris Martin
PO Box 40
Manama, 03 0000
Labels: Global Classroms Model UN