Bahrain Universities Model United Nations

Friday, November 28, 2014
Location: Gulf Hotel Bahrain, Manama

Date(s): November 27 & 28, 2014
Size: 300-500
Registration Deadline: November 9, 2014
Conference (or School) Fees: $100
Delegate (or Individual) Fees: n/a

About the Conference

The 10th Bahrain Universities Model United Nations (BUMUN) Conference 2014 will be held in the Convention Center, Gulf Hotel in November 2014. It is designed for university and graduate students. The conference is under the Patronage of the Supreme Council for Youth & Sports, Chairman, Shaikh Nasser Bin Hamad Al Khalifa. It is fully organized by the General Organization for Youth & Sports. This will be the 10th year that General Organization for Youth and Sports organized such a program designed to inspire global citizenship. There are over 200 delegates from over 24 universities participate in the niche conference. The Bahrain Universities Model United Nations is the most authentic Model United Nations experience possible, and offers a diverse group of informed participants a forum for discussing global concerns in a context that closely parallels the "real world."


General Assembly:
Topic A – Intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women
Eliminating all forms of violence against women is a global challenge taken up by the UN given its increasing and serious impacts on the economic and social life of billions of people, women and men alike. Intensifying efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women is the responsibility of governments, civil society entities and all other stakeholders alike. It is high importance that the UN and the international community extend all assistance to countries and regions where all cases of violence against women are reported. The General assembly where all member of the countries are equally repressed is adequately set to address the multitude of topics related to human rights topped by violence against women.
The UN GA relevant committee is dedicated to foster and encourage multiplying efforts to eliminate all forms of violence against women. All international, regional and UN bodies and concerned organizations are to move towards reaching this goal by reinforcing women’s social and economic development, tailoring innovative solutions within the works of the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
The deliberations will consider ways and means of endorsing the UN SG’s UNiTe to End Violence Against Women through national and regional strategies.
Violence against women is a violation of human rights subject to international law. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) (1948). Further, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (1966) requests those states subject to the covenant to ensure equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all economic , social and cultural rights set forth. The Council of Europe further adopted the Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (2011).
The creation of UN-Women was innovative to have profound impact on the subject of eliminating violence against women and promoting the empowerment of women. How have the member states addressed this issue within their communities? What would be the solutions?

Topic B - Exporting Health
Every year, more than 10 million people die from infectious diseases, with the vast majority of deaths occurring in the developing world. More than 35 million people now live with HIV/AIDS in the world, and more than two thirds (70%) of all people live in the Sub Sahara Africa (UNAIDS Fact Sheet 2013). Among the reasons cited for restricted access to treatment – logistical issues, limited selection, inadequate production, prohibitive pricing – the economic incentives are often targeted by health activists as leading reasons that a third of the world’s population lacks access to essential drugs. In the wake of the problematic. What should be the steps taken?
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):
Topic - A. Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation
On January 2012, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to S/RES/1540 published an update on the progress in implementing the resolution. Under Chapter VII of the UN Charter member states are obliged to prevent non-State actors from developing, acquiring, manufacturing, or transporting nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons. Through the binding obligations, all member states have developed domestic controls.
The members of the committee are requested to discuss an ultimate solution to prevent the production of uranium stockpiles to building nuclear and bombs. i.e…North Korea, Islamic Republic of Iran
Topic - B. Improving Global Emergency Preparedness for Nuclear Crisis situations
In spite of the setbacks to the nuclear industry and the negative effect on public confidence caused by the Fukushima nuclear crisis, the fundamental reasons that drive countries to explore nuclear energy have not changed. Rapid urbanization and industrialization, strong economic growth and a rising population will continue to push up demand for energy. The lack of viable alternative energy sources and the climate change concerns faced by many countries render it difficult for them to reject the option of nuclear energy. Many countries will proceed with their nuclear energy plans. Steps will therefore have to be taken to improve nuclear safety at all levels to ensure public health and confidence. The main purposes of the Nuclear Safety meeting are to initiate discussions on nuclear safety, and to foster capacity-building and cooperation in this area. We propose to focus on the theme of “National, Regional and International Nuclear Emergency Preparedness and Response”, in order to involve countries both with and without nuclear power plants. This is a follow-up to one of five proposals by IAEA Director-General Yukiya Amano in his statement at the IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Safety, as well as to the IAEA Action Plan on Nuclear Safety, which called for, inter alia, the strengthening of emergency preparedness and response systems at the various levels. Today, IAEA needs to discuss, to exchange of views on the best practices on national, regional and international emergency preparedness and response to nuclear accidents.
The global community is becoming increasingly interconnected and accessible. Societal issues such as health, energy, and access to resources have inspired social entrepreneurs worldwide to develop innovative solutions. Unfortunately, the gears of capitalism do not always drive the engine of social entrepreneurship. What can the UN and its constituent national governments do to encourage and/or subsidize innovation for social good? National governments often possess vast amounts of data, with regard to demographics, resource usage, and the like. How can governments make such valuable information accessible to entrepreneurs? How can the UN facilitate the open access of information across national boundaries and language barriers? What are the potential benefits/drawbacks to government backing private ventures, seen by some as sticking its nose into the private sector? Can innovative solutions be developed and expanded when their target market cannot afford to pay for such produ cts and services?

Economic & Social Council (ECOSOC)

Topic A –Agriculture development and food security
The urgent need to examine the relationship between food security and agriculture development as well as the rising consciousness to prioritize the topics on the international agenda arose with the food crisis. The definition of food security was determined at the World Food Summit in 1996. As the average income is increasing, higher food consumption and food variety are expected. Based on current assumptions including population growth, growth of income, and diet change.
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio +20) in 2012 also discussed the progress and the failure of key, and relevant policy frameworks. Regional activity on this topic has been particularly important to enhance food security and access to food in the most affected regions. The Southern African Development Community (SADC - 2004) implemented their approach with the Dar-es-Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security.
Apart of UN involvement cooperation is led by the group 8 (G8), Group 20 (G20), and joint action on economic and technological development. How have the members states addressed this issue and come up with solutions?
Topic B - Prevention of juvenile crime and the rehabilitation and reintegration of youth offenders
Children, youth and crime have been at the forefront of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program since 1947. There are four distinctive areas developed by the UN with respect to juvenile justice, namely the administration, prevention, non –custodial measures, and protection of incarcerated youth. The United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency, also known as the Riyadh Guidelines, reflect a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and child-oriented approach to offsetting conditions. The Guidelines focus on early preventive intervention and aim at promoting, with intensive determination, a positive potential of mass media and the community, as well as youth. According to the norms set by article 13.5 of Beijing Rules, imprisoned juveniles should be prepared for their post incarceration social reintegration and “shall receive care, protection and all necessary individual assistance – social, educational, vocational, psychological , medical and physical – that they may require in view of their age, sex and personality. United Nations Rules for Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty charges each States’ competent authorities to provide services to assist juveniles in housing, employment and other sufficient means indispensable upon release in order to facilitate successful reintegration. The committee mission should address how should the juveniles who commit criminal acts during the time of war be treated and how should there be a mandatory universal minimum age of criminal responsibility be set?

Topic 1: Treatment of the Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar

Muslims have long suffered discrimination at the hands of groups linked to the majority-Buddhist population of Myanmaar. However, the recent radicalization of anti-Muslim movements led by Buddhist monks have led to a surge in extraordinary violence inflicted against the Rohingya ethnic group, who practice Islam, over the past year. The refusal of Myanmar's government or Myanmar's security forces to provide protection for the Rohingya Muslims has created a massive humanitarian crisis as refugees have flooded into Myanmar's bordering countries. The UN Security Council must act to provide basic protection for a long-targeted minority group. Delegates should think of ways to prevent such atrocities and seek peaceful resolutions.

Topic 2: Bioterrorism

Bioterrorism is based on the use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosives (CBRNE) materials, and is considered to be one of the worst types of terrorist attacks. The main points of discussion for this topic area will not center around the level of incidence of bioterrorism, but rather, the significant national and global implications of any single, successful attack. INTERPOL oversees a CBRNE Terrorism Prevention Program for the expressed purpose of mitigating the incidence and potency of different aspects of CBRNE-related terrorism. The biological agents—such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi—are the modern artillery used by those who wish to inflict widespread fear without instilling great chaos at the outset. Biomaterials are also increasingly cheaper and more easily attainable than conventional nuclear or chemical weapons. Unlike conventional forms of terrorism, the additional challenge with bioterrorism is the ease with which pathogens and toxins c an leave the locally affected area and become transnational problems. The element of covert transmission poses a significant threat as bioterrorism becomes increasingly prevalent. Issues to be considered include the sophistication and efficacy of prevention mechanisms such as monitoring systems, disease reporting infrastructure, vaccines, and transportation networks, among others. Delegates should additionally think about the specific types of pathogens that are most viable for acts of bioterrorism and how easily these can be obtained, the mechanisms of disease detection, and government regulations that might be able to stymie the ability of bio agents to cross borders.

Contact Information

Doris Martin

PO Box 40 C/o Bahrain Universities Model United Nations
Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain 00973
(973) 39962696

The UN Foundation
1750 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Suite 300
Washington, DC 20006

Tel: +1 202 887-9040
Fax: +1 202 887-9021

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New York, NY 10017

Tel: +1 212 697-3315
Fax: +1 212 697-3316

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